What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus that causes
the disease AIDS, Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome
(AIDS) is the ultimate stage of HIV infection where the
individual gets numerous infections.
is HIV passed on?
The major route to spread HIV is through sex with an infected
routes are through transfusion of infected blood (3%)
Through sharing of syringes that are contaminated with
blood of an infected person (especially by intravenous
an infected mother to her baby during pregnancy and childbirth.
is HIV not transmitted?
By shaking hands·
By eating and living together.
By sharing common toilets.
By mosquito and insect bites.
By working with HIV positive people.
can we know a person has HIV/AIDS?
doing a blood test which can be a quick ‘spot test’
or an ‘ELISA’ test.
We can suspect a person is HIV positive if a person develops
some of the early clinical signs of AIDS.
are the signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS?
During the early stage of HIV infection the person may
look and feel completely normal (although his blood test
is HIV positive).
When the person enters the late stage of HIV infection
and AIDS some of these signs and symptoms may appear –
sudden loss of weight and appetite, recurrent intestinal
infections, prolonged fever, cough, lung infections like
tuberculosis and oral and vaginal fungal infections.
there a medical cure for HIV/AIDS?
No! Presently there is no proven cure for the disease.
Antiviral drugs can suppress the virus temporarily.
we prevent HIV/AIDS?
Scientists predict that if sex is practiced only within
marriage – not before and not outside – then
HIV/AIDS will be controlled within 30 years!